Gout is a sort of arthritis that causes sudden, extreme assaults of ache and swelling within the joints, particularly within the massive toe. Gout sometimes impacts just one joint at a time. It may possibly additionally trigger arduous, painless lumps beneath the pores and skin across the joint, known as tophi.
Gout is likely one of the most typical types of arthritis in adults. It tends to run in households.
What Causes Gout?
Gout is brought on by a buildup of uric acid crystals within the joints. Uric acid is a naturally occurring substance within the physique. It’s created when the physique breaks down purines, that are present in sure meals and drinks, comparable to pink meats, seafood, and alcohol. The uric acid builds up within the blood and is deposited within the joints, inflicting gout.
How is Gout Handled?
The aim of gout therapy is to scale back irritation and ache, and stop additional assaults. Therapy could contain:
- Medicine: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine (NSAIDs) comparable to ibuprofen or naproxen can cut back ache and swelling. Corticosteroids comparable to prednisone will also be used to scale back irritation.
- Train: Common train will help cut back irritation and enhance total well being.
- Food plan: Consuming a wholesome, balanced weight loss program will help cut back the danger of future gout assaults.
- Way of life adjustments: Avoiding or decreasing alcohol consumption and sustaining a wholesome weight also can assist cut back the danger of future gout assaults.
In some circumstances, surgical procedure could also be essential to take away tophi (painful lumps of uric acid) from the joints.
Gout is a painful situation that may trigger swelling and ache within the joints, particularly the massive toe. It’s brought on by a buildup of uric acid crystals within the joint. Therapy sometimes includes medicine, train, weight loss program, and way of life adjustments. In some circumstances, surgical procedure could also be obligatory.